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Transforming capitalized words

Change the capitalization or case of text

You can change the capitalization, or case, of selected text in a document by clicking a single button on the Home tab called Change Case.

Change case

To change the case of selected text in a document, do the following:

Select the text for which you want to change the case.

Go to Home > Change case .

Do one of the following:

To capitalize the first letter of a sentence and leave all other letters as lowercase, click Sentence case.

To exclude capital letters from your text, click lowercase.

To capitalize all of the letters, click UPPERCASE.

To capitalize the first letter of each word and leave the other letters lowercase, click Capitalize Each Word.

To shift between two case views (for example, to shift between Capitalize Each Word and the opposite, cAPITALIZE eACH wORD), click tOGGLE cASE.

To apply small capital (Small Caps) to your text, select the text, and then on the Home tab, in the Font group, click the arrow in the lower-right corner. In the Font dialog box, under Effects, select the Small Caps check box.

To undo the case change, press CTRL+ Z.

To use a keyboard shortcut to change between lowercase, UPPERCASE, and Capitalize Each Word, select the text and press SHIFT + F3 until the case you want is applied.

See also

Change case

To change the case of selected text in a document, do the following:

Select the text for which you want to change the case.

Go to Home > Change case .

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Do one of the following:

To capitalize the first letter of a sentence and leave all other letters as lowercase, click Sentence case.

To exclude capital letters from your text, click lowercase.

To capitalize all of the letters, click UPPERCASE.

To capitalize the first letter of each word and leave the other letters lowercase, click Capitalize Each Word.

To shift between two case views (for example, to shift between Capitalize Each Word and the opposite, cAPITALIZE eACH wORD), click tOGGLE cASE.

To apply small capital (Small Caps) to your text, select the text, and then on the Format menu, select Font, and in the Font dialog box, under Effects, select the Small Caps box.

Small Caps shortcut key: ⌘ + SHIFT + K

To undo the case change, press ⌘ + Z .

To use a keyboard shortcut to change between lowercase, UPPERCASE, and Capitalize Each Word, select the text and then press fn+ SHIFT + F3 until the style you want is applied.

See also

PowerPoint for the web supports changing case. See the procedure below.

Word for the web doesn’t support changing case. Use the desktop application to open the document and change text case there, or else you can manually change the casing of text in Word for the web.

Select the text you want to change.

Go to Home > More Font Options > Change case.

Making title capitalization easy. Automatically capitalize your titles and email subjects. Use Title Case, AP/APA/Chicago/MLA style, UPPERCASE, lowercase, and more.

How to Use Capitalize My Title

  1. Select your title capitalization style above by clicking on a tab. If you have questions, read our title capitalization rules below.
  2. Enter your title in the text box.
  3. Watch your title be automatically capitalized!
  4. If you want to, you can press “Enter” on your keyboard or click the Copy button next to the text box to copy the text to your clipboard.
  5. Capitalize your next title 😃
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Bonus: We have some great shortcuts to make your life easier.

What to Capitalize in a Title

Understanding what to capitalize in a title is important to make sure that your titles and headlines look correct. If you’re confused about what words to capitalize in a title or headline, we recommend using our title capitalization tool above, but if you want specific capitalization rules, they are as follows.

First, it is important to note that there are four main title capitalization styles: Chicago style, APA style, MLA style, and AP style. Each of these capitalization styles has slightly different rules for which words are capitalized and each of these styles can be written using title case capitalization or sentence case capitalization.

Title Case Capitalization

In general, the following capitalization rules apply across the four styles in title case:

  • Capitalize the first word in the title
  • Capitalize the last word in the title
  • Capitalize the important words in the title

Important words in that last bullet generally refer to:

  • Adjectives (tiny, large, etc.)
  • Adverbs (quietly, smoothly, etc.)
  • Nouns (tablet, kitchen, book)
  • Pronouns (they, she, he)
  • Subordinating conjunctions (when fewer than 5 letters)
  • Verbs (write, type, create)

Title case is the most common title capitalization for book titles, headlines, articles titles, etc. When multiple letters in a title need to be capitalized, use title case capitalization.

Words Not Capitalized in Title Case

While the above words are generally capitalized in titles regardless of style, there are some words that are generally not capitalized when using title case. These include short words and conjunctions:

  • Articles (a, an, the)
  • Coordinating Conjunctions (and, but, for)
  • Short (fewer than 5 letters)
  • Prepositions (at, by, from, etc.)
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What Is Sentence Case?

The other major type of title capitalization standard is sentence case. Sentence case simply means you capitalize the first letter of a sentence, proper nouns, and nothing else as opposed to capitalizing almost every first letter in title case. It is the same across all of the four styles.

For more specific title capitalization rules, you can see the following sections which cover each style of title capitalization rules or check out our FAQs for common capitalization questions.

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